# eLitmus Problem Solving paper with solution

**eLitmus Problem Solving paper pattern**

This section also consists of 20 questions. Below are the topics for this sections.

- Logical Reasoning-1 -> 5 Questions
- Logical Reasoning-2 -> 3 Questions
- Data Sufficiency -> 4 Questions
- Data Interpretation -> 5 Questions
- Cryptarithmetic -> 3 Questions

See Also:

eLitmus Verbal Ability Paper pattern with sample paper

eLitmus Quantitative Aptitude questions with answer

## eLitmus Problem Solving paper

**Direction For Questions 1 to 4 : **Answer the questions based on the following information.

**ABC is a firm which deals with furniture. Manufacturing of table requires three levels of assembly. The finished table is at first level. The leg assembly and table top are second level. The pieces that go into the leg assembly are at the third level which consist of short rails, long rails and legs. One unit of table requires one unit of table top and one unit of leg assembly. One unit of leg assembly requires 2 units of short rails, 2 units of longrails and 4 units. Orders are placed just in time to minimize storage. The lead time for activities are (Lead time is waiting time required to complete one activity)**

The availability of part at present time

Demand of finished Tables

**1. For meeting the demand of 200 units of finished table of week 4, when would the first order of table tops be placed?**

- Week 1 (b) Week 3 (c) Week 4 (d) Week 5

**2. When and how many units of shortrail would be placed for meeting the demand of finished table of week 6?**

- 100 units in week 1 (b) 200 units in week 3 (c) 300 units in week 6 (d) Data insufficient

**3. If in-hand units of legs are increased from 150 to 300, then what would be the net requirements of legs for meeting the demand of finished table of week 5?**

- 1800, 900 (b) 2200, 1100 (c) 1600, 800 (d) 800, 400

**4. The supplier of long rails has shifted his manufacturing unit to its new location.Because of this the delivery time of long rail has been increased by 1 week. When the order of long rails would be placed to meet the week 5 demand of finished table?**

(a) Week 1 (b) Week 4 (c) Week 5 (d) None of above

**Direction For Questions 5 to 6 : **Answer the questions based on the following information.

**There are five sets of digits – Set A, Set B, Set C, Set D and Set E as shown in given diagram. Set A contains one digit, Set B contains two digits, Set C contains three digits,**

**Set D contains two digits and Set E contains one digit. Rearrange the digits, across the sets such that the number formed out of digits of Set C is multiple of the numbers formed from digits in the sets on either side. For example; in the given diagram, Set C is a multiple of digits in Set A and Set B but not of Set D and Set E.**

**25. What is the minimum number of rearrangements required to arrive at the solution? A rearrangement is defined as an exchange of positions between digits across two sets. For example: when 1 from set C is exchanged with 5 of set E, it is counted as one rearrangement.**

(a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 8 (d) 3

**26. Which of the following pair of digits would occupy set A and E?**

(a) 2 and 4 (b) 2 and 6 (c) 3 and 6 (d) 3 and 9

**Direction For Questions 7 to 8 : **Answer the questions based on the following information.

**In order to save the world from the hands of evil forces, eight superheroes are sitting around a circular table to plan their strategy. It was known that Batman and Robin neither sat on adjacent seats nor directly opposite to each other. Superman sits beside Flash Gordon and opposite to Heman while Man-drake sat directly opposite to Phantom who sits adjacent to Superman.**

**7. The eighth hero, Spiderman, must be sitting next to**

(a) Batman (b) Robin (c) Phantom (d) Heman

**8. Which of the following statements must be true?**

(a) Batman sits to the left of Heman.

(b) Robin sits to the left of Flash Gordon.

(c) Spiderman sits to the right of Phantom.

(d) None of these

**Direction For Questions 9 to 12 : **Each question is followed by two statements. You have to decide whether the information provided in the statements is sufficient for answering the question.

**Mark a if** the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but cannot be answered by using the other statement alone.

**Mark b **if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

**Mark c **if the question can be answered by using both statements together, but cannot be answered by using either statement alone.

**Mark d **if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements together.

**9. Find the profit percentage earned by the trader.**

**I. **The loss incurred by the trader, when he sells at three-fourth the actual selling price is twice the profit made by the trader when he sells at the actual selling price.

**II. **Had he sold at 20% less than the actual selling price, the trader would have made a profit of 20%.

**10. There is an amount of Rs.5 in a bag which has only 25 paisa coins, 50 paisa coins and 1 rupee coins. How many coins are there in the bag? Assume that there is at least one coin of each denomination.**

**I. **The number of one rupee coins is two.

**II. **The difference between the number of 25 paisa coins and 50 paisa coins is 6.

**11. a and b are two positive numbers. How many of them are odd?**

** I. **Multiplication of b with an odd number gives an even number.

**12. Is the perimeter of triangle ABC greater than 20?**

**I. **BC-AC=10.

**II. **The area of the triangle is 20.

**Direction For Questions 13 to 17 : **Answer the questions based on the following information.

12 Hockey teams participated in a tournament. These teams were equally distributed into 2 pools A and B. In the 1st round, each team played a match against all the other teams in the same pool. Top 3 teams with highest average (from both the pools) went to the next round, where all the six teams played against each other once.

Again the top 3 teams with highest average qualified to the finals. In the final round, all the 3 teams played against each other and the team with the highest average was declared the winner.

**Scoring**: A win earns 4 points, loss earns -2, and a tie will result in 2 each.

**Average **= Total points/ Number of matches

The following table shows the points tally.

Also

**— **The winner of the tournament won both its matches in the finals

**— **The total points earned by all the teams (Played in the second round) after second round are 100.]

**13. Which 2 teams do not play against each other in the finals?**

(a) A1, B2 (b) A1, B6 (c) A5, B2 (d) B2, B6

**14. Find the number of matches won by A2 and A4**

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

**15. How many points did the second runner up earn in the finals?**

(a) -4 (b) 2 (c) 4 (d) 0

**16. After round 2, the highest average of any team can be**

(a) 2 (b) 2.4 (c) 2.6 (d) 2.8

**17. The first runner up of the tournament was**

(a) A1 (b) B1 (c) B6 (d) None of these

**Direction for Questions 38 to 40: **A Multiplication is given below where each letter stands for a single digit number and no two numbers are represented by the same letter.

**38. Which of these is not divisible by 2?**

(a) W (b) Y (c) U (d) N

**39. All of these digits appear only once in the multiplication above except:**

(a) 2 (b) 5 (c) 6 (d) 8

**40. Which of these can be sides of a triangle?**

(a) HYT (b) OWY (c) EUO (d) APW

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